Recently Gurgaon was officially renamed to Gurugram which is now spamming the Indian news section and social networking sites. When people we know change their names, it is often difficult to adapt. But when cities change names, they change their peoples' identities. Since it has entered the renamed Indian cities list, let’s look back at 5 cities/states which were renamed in the last 5-10 years.
1. Gurgaon to Gurugram (2016)
People of that area had demanded a name change for a long time. According to an official spokesman, the decision to change the name was on the basis of “the representations received on several forums”. He added that Haryana was a historic land mentioned in the Bhagwat Gita and Gurgaon had been a great center of learning, where Guru Dronacharya used to provide education to the Pandavas and Kauras. The town derived its name from Guru Dronacharya; the village was given as “gurudakshina” to him by his students, the Pandavas, and hence it came to be known as Gurugram.This name in the course of time got distorted to Gurgaon.
2. Mysore to Mysuru (2014)
Just like most cities and states that were renamed by the British government, Mysuru was one of them. In December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced its intention to change the English name of the city to Mysuru. It was approved by the Government of India, but in 2011 the formalities necessary to incorporate the name change were incomplete. The center government then approved this request in October 2014 and Mysore was renamed as Mysuru.
3. Orissa to Odisha (2011)
Odisha was formally known as Orissa until March 2011. The state was spelled as “Orissa” by the British because of pronunciation problem. The state’s name hasn’t changed like Bombay to Mumbai but the spelling thereby it is respelled. Orissa was always pronounced as “Odisha” in local languages and the state government brought in a notification to correct the spelling.
4. Bangalore to Bengaluru (2006)
According to an apocryphal, 12th century, Hoysala king Veera Ballala II lost his way during a hunting expedition in a forest. A poor old woman offered him boiled beans to the tired king, who with a sense of gratitude called the place “benda-kaalu-uru”. Kempegowda, a feudatory ruler under the erstwhile Vijayanagara Empire, was considered the founder of Bangalore. He chose Bendakaluru for his capital in early 16th century, which transformed into Bengaluru and in colonial times, and during British rule became Bangalore. U R Ananthamurthy renamed Bangalore to Bengaluru on 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change. The government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006.
5. Pondicherry to Puducherry (2006)
Puducherry was historically called Pondicherry because Tamilians called French settlers who colonized Pondicherry during the 17th century, “Pondi” and therefore named the locality after it. It was renamed back to Puducherry in 2006. Pudu means “new” and cherry means a “residential locality” in Tamil.
What's in a name, writes Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet. A lot, it seems.